In civil law techniques, contract and tort fall under a basic law of obligations, while trusts law is handled under statutory regimes or worldwide conventions. International, constitutional and administrative law, legal law, contract, tort, property law and trusts are thought to be the “traditional core topics”, although there are numerous further disciplines. Ancient India and China symbolize distinct traditions of law, and have traditionally had impartial faculties of legal concept and practice. The Arthashastra, most likely compiled around a hundred AD , and the Manusmriti (c. 100–300 AD) had been foundational treatises in India, and comprise texts considered authoritative legal steering. Manu’s central philosophy was tolerance and pluralism, and was cited across Southeast Asia.
- McCoubrey and White said that the query “what is law?” has no simple answer.
- Bentham and Austin argued for law’s positivism; that real law is entirely separate from “morality”.
- Putin’s war in opposition to Ukraine, now